Archive | Fire

Fire Risk in Senior Population Analysis of Canadian Fire Incidents

This research explores the risk of casualties (fatalities and injuries) among the senior population (aged 65 and over) in the event of a fire compared to the general population. The researchers analysed data available through the National Fire Information Database (NFID). The research also explores variations in risks of fatalities and injuries as a function […]

Fires that Commence on Balconies of Multi-Residential Buildings: Analysis of the National Fire Incident Database

The purpose of this study was to examine the significance of fires that occur on the exterior of multi- residential buildings. This research was motivated by the findings from previous work, that suggested there are existing vulnerabilities associated with fires that commence in external, recreational areas such as balconies and patios (6).

Structure Fires in British Columbia: Exploring Variations in Outcomes as a Function of Building Height and Life Safety Systems

This report examines structure fires in British Columbia (BC) that occurred over a thirteen year period to explore variations in outcomes as a function of building height and life safety systems. The study outlines the data definitions that were used to identify the relevant subset of fires that occurred in the province during this time […]

Fires in Canada Originating from Smoking Materials Analysis of Canadian Fire Incidents

Research over time indicates that smoking materials continue to be a leading cause of residential fires in Canada. With newer data available through the NFID and provincial annual fire reports, this study intends to provide a more recent picture of fire risks related to smoking – including the potential impact of increased e-cigarette use in […]

Fire Protection System(s) Performance in the Residential Building Environment: Examining the Relationship between Civilian and Firefighter Injuries: A Retrospective Evaluation of Residential and Residential Apartment Fires, 2005 to 2015

This paper summarizes the findings from an analysis of the fire protection performance of sprinkler systems and smoke alarms in residential and multi-level residential buildings in the Provinces of British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario and New Brunswick between 2005 and 2015 inclusive. The primary focus is on the relationship between the presence of protective […]

The Influence of Electrical Fires in Residential Homes: Geospatial Analysis Pointing to Vulnerable Locations and Equipment Failures

Secondary suites are becoming more common as a way to relieve the burden of rising housing prices in British Columbia and basements are often converted for this purpose. However, home owners often circumvent the permission and inspection requirements for these conversions in order to save on expensive upgrades for compliance. As a result, there are […]

Anti-Idling Technology on Fire Service Vehicles: An Evaluation of the Benefits

This study was designed to support the anti-idling policies of Surrey Fire Service. Two major components were the adoption of fire trucks with Auxiliary Power Units (APUs) and changing behavioural attitudes towards turning off the main fire truck engine whenever possible. As such, the first component of the study aimed to determine the value APUs. […]

Smoke Alarm Response Time: Examining the Relationship Between Working Smoke Alarms, Fire Service Response Times and Fire Outcomes

This report examines 868 residential fire incidents that were responded to by Surrey Fire Services between March 2008 and April 2018, inclusive, and reported to the British Columbia (BC) Office of the Fire Commissioner (OFC). At a high-level, this research was intended to examine the relationship between a working fire safety system, fire service response […]

Targeted Residential Fire Risk Reduction A Summary of At-Risk Areas in the United Kingdom

Reducing fires and saving lives is a mandate for all Fire Services. Globally, many departments have implemented door-to-door campaigns to educate their citizens on fire reduction and safety (TriData, 2009). However, focusing on an entire community is expensive, time consuming, and overall, an inefficient use of limited resources. A 2007 TriData report on best practices […]