Author Archive | Centre for Public Safety and Criminal Justice Research


Ketamine is most often used legally as an anesthetic by veterinarians and doctors. Recent research suggests that ketamine may also be useful in treating alcoholism, heroin addiction, migraines, and depression. Ketamine is a highly addictive drug that results in a psychological state of separation between the self and reality. Its effects include out of body […]

Crystal Methamphetamine

Crystal meth is a stimulant drug also known as meth, tina, yaba, crystal, jib, speed, crank, ice, sketch, cryssie, or glass. It is a white, odourless powder that can be snorted, smoked, injected, and eaten. Meth does not occur naturally.  It is a synthetic drug that is made from a combination of chemical ingredients. Ingredients […]

College Gambling

Gambling involves risking something of value on an uncertain outcome in the hopes of increasing value or profit.  Gambling is generally regarded as a problem when the gambler begins to experience a number of negative consequences from their gambling, including feelings of guilt, gambling more than intended, and spending less time at school or at […]

Youth Gambling

Gambling is illegal for British Columbian youth under the age of 19 years . Although problem gambling has been primarily thought of as an adult behaviour, gambling activities appear to be particularly attractive for youth today.  A McGillUniversity survey in Montreal showed that 30% of grade 7 students gambled at least once a week. In […]

Youth Gangs

A gang is a structured group of individuals who use intimidation and violence to carry out criminal acts in order to gain power and status or to control certain lucrative activities. A youth gang is “any durable, street-oriented youth group whose involvement in illegal activity is part of its group identity”. Most youth gang members […]

Internet Addiction

Internet addictions can negatively affect personal relationships with friends, significant others, and family, as well as reduce productivity at work. Internet addiction can also have a physical impact, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, severe headaches, and problems sleeping and eating.

Teen Dating Violence

Dating violence refers to abuse or mistreatment that occurs between dating partners or those in the process of developing an intimate relationship. This includes when two people first meet or become interested in one another, on their first date, during their courtship, once they have been involved with each other for some time, or after […]

Bullying and Harassment

Bullying and harassment happens when a person who has more power or some advantage (bigger, more status, etc.) repeatedly tries to bother, hurt, make fun of, or attack another person (it is not an accident). Sometimes several students will bully or harass another student or group of students. Bullying can be verbal, physical, or relational, […]

Disabilities and Vulnerability to Bullying

A disability refers to physical or mental impairments that make daily routines and activities more challenging. Children with disabilities may require assistance from a person, animal, or a special device. A physical disability may occur as a result of chronic illness, being overweight, having been in an accident, or being born with certain features. Mental […]