A Review of the Research Literature on the Socio-Economic Contributors to Homicide

The 25 homicides in Surrey (4.8 per 100,000) in 2013 are inconsistent with the previous 4-year average (10.5 per 100,000), but similar to the 20 homicides recorded in 2009 and the 21 homicides in 2005. There has been an apparent 4-year cycle in the first 13 years of this century in which the homicide numbers increased substantially from the previous 3 years. The most obvious explanation of this pattern is that it reflects episodic organized crime drug trafficking “turf “ or territorial violence over drug distribution in the Fraser Valley and, to some extent, other municipalities in Greater Vancouver, especially Vancouver.


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